Planning for pregnancy and knowing risks of infertility should be made a priority for couples. For in this technology driven generation, health concerns are taken very light: “Preventive Care is the Need of the Hour”. It’s often hard to live beyond the now, but experts say, creating awareness among youngsters that doing the right thing now, while relatively healthy will help to prevent bad outcomes 10 years down the lane. So, whether trying to conceive now or protecting future fertility it is good to know all the potential risk factors involved with infertility. Knowledge on this at an early stage will lead to a healthy future and a happy parenthood!
A few factors are gender specific while others are common for both male and female. Infertility is not only for women, men also face infertility issues equally. 30% of cases are found to be male alone, while 30% have both partners concerned. Here we will discuss a few bodily and health related factors.
- Chronic diseases
- Congenital issues
- Drugs and alcohol
- Body Mass Index
- Emotional factors
Age and Infertility
Women in the late 30’s are found to be 30% less fertile than the women is early 20’s. Women above the age of 45 have pregnancy chances only up to 60%. This is due to the chromosomal abnormalities that occur in the egg as they age. Hence age is to be a prior concern when it comes to conception or infertility.
Women aged more than 45 have less than 60% changes of Pregnancy
Chronic and congenital Diseases
- Diseases such as diabetes, arthritis and asthma also lead to infertility.
- Other diseases such as, fallopian tube disease also account for 20% of infertility.
- Any damage to fallopian tubes or uterus could be a risk factor.
- Endometriosis: a disease where the uterus is found outside the uterus on the bladder, bowel and fallopian tube can occur in menstruating women of all ages and is a congenital issue.
Drugs and Alcohol
- Smoking and use of marijuana are known factors of infertility.
- Usage of other drugs and liquor drinking should also be prevented.
Body Mass Index
- Body fat 10-15% above or below normal level can cause infertility.
- While increased body fat can overload the body with estrogen, throwing off the reproductive cycle.
- Decreased body fat can completely shut down the body’s reproductive system.
- Strict vegetarians might lack certain important vitamins such as B-12 and Zinc.
Emotional factors can cause Infertility
Factors such as stress and depression are said to affect both sperm production and ovulation. It has direct effect on hormones that regulate reproduction.
Other than these basic factors, pelvic surgery and DES taken by the mother during pregnancy also are risk factors for women. For men, Hernia repair, undescended testicles, mumps after puberty and exposure to high temperature in hot baths, steam rooms, etc, are also a few known reasons that cause infertility.
STD’s are also another well known factor that could cause infertility. Detecting and treating infections at an early stage can help prevent complications.
Simple changes and certain preventive measures can increase the chances of having a baby!! What’s more Joyful than a baby bump and parenthood? Let’s begin today; A healthy lifestyle for a better future!! At Wannabe Parents, we are laser-focused on helping wannabe parents put together a personal plan for pregnancy that covers the 5 Pillars of Pregnancy Planning. This is the first time such a program is offered in India. For the convenience of couples, it is offered online in the format of Live Workshops with sessions conducted by experts in their fields spanning across Doctors, Working Mothers, Financial Planners and much more. Do join us for the weekend free Webinars by registering here